||Honors! Table of Contents||
Ernest J. King
Fleet Admiral, USN
|The Tenth Fleet established its headquarters
in Washington DC under Commander in Chief United States Fleet Admiral Ernest
J. King to coordinate United States anti-submarine operations in the Atlantic.
It was a unique organization within the United States Navy -- it never put to sea, it had no ships, and never had more than about 50 people in its organization.
After the surrender of Germany in May 1945 Tenth Fleet was disbanded in June 1945.
|An excerpt from the paper: ULTRA
and the campaign against the U-BOATS in WWII
by Commander Jerry C. Russell United States Navy
During a visit by the Coordinator of Research and Development the availability of scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology working for the National Defense Research Committee was discussed. This was the origin of the Antisubmarine Warfare Operational Research Group (ASWORG) composed of civilian scientist who were instrumental in the technical advances that kept the United States antisubmarine warfare forces ahead of the U-boats.
Shortly after the scientists were brought in, the small Boston unit was transferred to COMINCH headquarters and became the nucleus of the Anti-Submarine Division, which eventually evolved into the Tenth Fleet."
Here are some internet search results.
GoldStar Mothers - GoldStar Wives
Gold Star Mothers
Pilgrimage to World War One
European grave sites
In March 1929, eleven years after World War I, the U.S. Congress passed a law authorizing the use of government funds to pay for mothers and widows of fallen veterans to visit their loved ones buried on the battlefields of Europe. This unprecedented program honoring the "Gold Star" mothers and widows was entrusted to the Quartermaster Corps for proper and faithful execution.
At 11:30 a.m. on Friday, 7 February 1930, in the Red Room of the White House, Mrs. Lou Henry Hoover, the Presidentís wife, reached into a large silver bowl and pulled out the first of 54 unsealed envelopes. Each had in it a card bearing the name of a state or overseas territory. The first state picked was Nebraska -- and the card was instantly handed over to The Quartermaster General.
Two hundred and thirty-one women boarded the Quartermaster steamer S.S. America on 7 May 1930 and left New York harbor for Europe. Over the next three years, ending with the return of the S.S. Washington in August 1933, some 6,693 Gold Star mothers and war widows had made the pilgrimage abroad. No nation before or since has ever so honored the women whose sons and husbands gave their lives in the service of their country.
Image and text above from US ARMY Quartermaster History - Compiled by Dr. Steven Anders, U.S. Army Quartermaster Corps Historian, Fort Lee, Virginia.
|Aunt Kass's Gold Star Mother Pilgrimage This page is linked from HERE which is a section of the excellent and very extensive GREAT WAR SOCIETY website which is linked from the ultimate internet World war One resource page titled TRENCHES ON THE WEB. If you like history, this should not be passed by.|
|From National Archives and Records
PROLOGUE QUARTERLY of the Summer 1999, vol. 31, no. 2
World War I Gold Star Mothers Pilgrimages, Part I
By Constance Potter
|In 1930, Mrs. Goldberg was one of the
Star Mothers, *** and leader of the Yonkers NY contingent that visted
the graves and battle sites in France. An interesting side note, that the
medal and trip were before WWII started that WWI was called THE WORLD WAR
in the documentation that came with the medal. Here is the medallion that
she wore during the trip to France.
(*** Note: This page is linked from HERE)
|Two articles from the West Point Bicentennial
Gold Star Mothers Copied from here
Gold Star Wives Copied from here Both linked from here
copied from Union County NC
Gold Star Mothers Today
AMERICAN GOLD STAR MOTHERS
Natural mothers whose sons or daughters died in the line of duty in the armed forces during World Wars I and II, the Korean Conflict, the Vietnam hostilities, or in other strategic areas.
Seeks to: inspire patriotism and a sense of individual obligation to the community, state,and nation; assist veterans and their dependents with claims made to the Veterans Administration; perpetuate the memory of individuals who died in our wars; promote peace and good will for the U.S. and all other nations.
Mothers works as volunteers in VA Medical Centers and at Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund.
( WWII poster: Gold Star Flag )
Sponsored by The National Dusters, Quads and Searchlights Association (DQS)
DefenseLINK News: Gold Star Mothers: Helping Others Help Themselves
Directory of Veterans Service Organizations
the U.S. Government printing Office:
The US CODE - ELECTRONIC EDITION
CHAPTER 211--AMERICAN GOLD STAR MOTHERS, INCORPORATED
CHAPTER 805--GOLD STAR WIVES OF AMERICA
CHAPTER 305--BLUE STAR MOTHERS OF AMERICA, INC.
TITLE 36--PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND ORGANIZATIONS SUBTITLE I--PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES AND CEREMONIES
PART A--OBSERVANCES AND CEREMONIES
CHAPTER 1-- PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES
TITLE 36 -- PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES, CEREMONIES, AND ORGANIZATIONS
Subtitle I--Patriotic and National Observances and Ceremonies
Part A--Observances and Ceremonies
CHAPTER 1--PATRIOTIC AND NATIONAL OBSERVANCES
Sec. 111. Gold Star Mother's Day
(a) Designation. -- The last Sunday in September is Gold Star Mother's Day.
(b) Proclamation.-- The President is requested to issue a proclamation calling on United States Government officials to display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings, and the people of the United States to display the flag and hold appropriate meetings at homes, churches, or other suitable places, on Gold Star Mother's Day as a public expression of the love, sorrow, and reverence of the people for Gold Star Mothers.
there are also
Blue Star Mothers
Blue Star Mothers
Offer Constant Care
WWII Blue Star flag
Blue Star Wives
Another WWII Blue Star flag